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自考“英语(一)”笔记 五十八

英语学习网 2023-03-07 11:22:16 399

自考“英语(一)”笔记 五十八

Text A   Heart Disease:Treat or Prevent?
1.western  adj. 西方的;西部的
Westerner  n.  西方人
1)The sun began to turn red on the western horizon.  (太阳在西方地平线上开端变成红色。)
2)I‘ve just had four years in Western Nigeria.(我刚在西尼日利亚呆了四年。)
3)The impact of western technology on that country was incredible.(西方技能对那个国家的影响是难以置信的。)
4)Many Westerners eat too much food rich in sugar and fat, they may die of heart illnesses at an early age.(许多西方人吃太多高糖、高脂的食物,他们或许在年轻时就会死于心脏疾病。)
5)Westerners eat with forks and knives, while we Chinese eat with chopsticks.(西方人用刀叉吃饭,而咱们中国人用筷子吃饭。)
2.alarm  n. 惊慌;担心;闹铃         v.  frighten (使惊慌;向…报警)
alarming   adj.  worrying, disquieting1 (使人惊慌的、令人担心的)
1)There is no cause for alarm. (不必恐慌。)
2)It is necessary that you install a burglar alarm.(你有必要装防盗警报器。)
3)They were alarmed to find the old lady dead.(他们发现老太太死了,心惊胆战。)

4)The world‘s forests are shrinking at an alarming rate.(国际森林正以惊人的速度减少。)
3. surgery   n. 外科,手术
surgical2   adj.   外科的;外科手术的
surgeon  外科医师
1)The patient had suffered a heart attack while under going surgery.(在进行外科手术时,那位患者心脏病发生。)
2)The doctor is doing a minor3 surgery on Mr. Wang‘s mouth.(医师正在给王先生的口部施行小手术。)
3)Some people can have their vision restored by a surgical operation.(有些人能够经过外科手术恢复视力。)
4)He works as a brain surgeon in a hospital.(他在一家医院做脑外科医师。)
4. technology   n.  技能,工艺
technological4   adj.   技能的,工艺的
1)Science has contributed much to modern technology. (科学对现代技能作出了很大贡献。)
2)The advances in science and technology are accelerating.(科学技能正在加速发展。)

3)Our belief in the power of modern technology won‘t change.(咱们对现代技能威力的信念不会改变)

4)We need to acquire adequate modern scientific and technological knowledge to meet the challenge of the 21st century.(为了迎接二十一世纪的应战,咱们需求把握满足的现代科学及技能知识。)
5)They made another technological breakthrough in the field of petroleum5 recovering.
5. advance   v.行进;取得发展           n. 行进,发展,预付
1)We have greatly advanced in our understanding of the human brain.(在对人脑的认识方面咱们已取得重大发展。)
2)The university took every opportunity to advance its prestige.(那所大学抓住每一个时机进步自己的声誉。)
3)The date of the meeting was advanced by two weeks.(会议的日期提前了两周。)
4)Einstein advanced the theory of relativity.(爱因斯坦提出了相对论的理论。)
5)As autumn advanced, the old lady became worse.(秋深了,老妇人的病况变得愈加糟糕。)
6)Their team has advanced to the semifinals.(他们队已进入半决赛。)
7)These young workers have advanced greatly in skill.(这些青工的技能已有很大进步。)
8)Material advance and spiritual enrichment should both be emphasized.(物质进步和精力充分都应侧重。)
9)Remarkable advances have been made recently in medicine.(近来医学方面取得了令人瞩目的进步。)
10)He arrived half an hour in advance.(他早到了半小时。)
6. enable   v. 使能够,使或许
这个动词的用法是在其宾词后接不定式:enable  sb to do sth
1)Their help enabled the children to get home safe and sound.  (他们的协助使孩子们能安然无恙地到家。)
2)Planes enable people to travel long distances in a short time.(飞机能使人们在短时间内做长途旅行。)
3)His early training enabled him to face everything with confidence.(他的前期练习使他能自傲地面临全部。)

请注意区别unable和enable.unable是一个形容词,通常用be unable to do sth.意思是“不能够做某事。”

He was unable to give us a definite answer.(他不能给咱们一个清晰答复。)
7. benefit   n.  优点      v.  有利于;得益
beneficial    adj.  useful  有利的
1)Internet has brought innumerable benefits to people.(互联网给人们带来了无数的优点。)
2)The changes are to our benefit. (这些改变对咱们有利。)
3)For the benefit of those who were not here last time, I‘ll go over what I said first.(为了那些上次没来的人,我将先重复我说过的话。)
4)This policy will benefit working families.(这一政策将使员工家庭得到优点。)
5)Neither of them will benefit from the insurance company.(他们俩谁也不会从保险公司得到优点。)
6)Sunshine and rain are beneficial to the growth of the plants.(阳光和雨水有利于这些植物的生长。)
7)Fresh air is beneficial to your health.(新鲜空气有利你的健康。)
8.disadvantage     n. 晦气位置,晦气条件;缺陷
disadvantaged    处于晦气位置的; 贫困的
advantage    有利条件;优点,优点
1)It put us under a serious disadvantage. (这使咱们处于极为晦气的位置。)
2)The disadvantage of this plan was that it needed more fund.(这个方案的缺陷是它需求更多的资金。)
3)Those pupils who were inattentive in class would be at a disadvantage.
4)It was to our disadvantage to refuse this proposal.(拒绝这个建议对咱们晦气。)
5)These disadvantaged families need immediate6 help.(这些贫困家庭急需协助。)
6)The new system has a lot of advantages over the old one. (新体系与旧体系相比有许多优点。)
7)It might be to your advantage to quit this job. (辞掉这份工作也许对你有利。)
8)His experience gives him the advantage over us.(他的经验使他比咱们更有优势。)
9)They took advantage of her lack of business sense to cheat her. (他们使用她短少商业意识来欺骗她。)
10)We must take advantage of this opportunity to practise our oral English.(咱们有必要使用这个良机练一练英语口语。)
9. resource n. 常用复数 资源,财力;敷衍的办法
1)The North-eastern area of China is rich in timber resources. (中国的东北地区木材资源丰富。)
2)Oil is kuwait‘s most important resource. (石油是科威特最重要的资源。)
3)We don‘t have adequate human resources for this project. (咱们没有满足的人力资源来完成这个项目。)
4)He spent all his resources on educating his only son. (他把一切的财力都花在了独生子的教育上了。)
5)He is a man of great resource. (他是个智慧过人的人。)
6)We are now at the end of our resources.(咱们现在正是智穷才尽。)
10. prevent    v. 阻挠,阻碍,防备
prevention    n. 防备,阻碍
1)Nothing would prevent us from going to help them.(什么也阻挠不了咱们去协助他们。)
2)The rain prevented its from having the match.(那场雨使咱们不能举办比赛。)

3)This medicine will prevent you from catching7 cold. (这种药能够使你防备感冒。)
4)Keeping dry is a prevention against cold. (保持枯燥能够防备感冒。)
5)Prevention is better than cure. (防病胜过医病。)
11. equip   v. 配备,装备,赋予
equipment   n. 装备,设备
1)They are going to build a park equipped with a playground, ball fields and a museum.
2)Not all microscopes are equipped to do this. (不是一切的显微镜都能做这件事。)
3)He is equipped with a deep sense of justice. (他具有殷切的正义感。)
4)This is an important piece of equipment. (这是一件重要设备。)
5)They exported a million dollars worth of electrical equipment. (他们出口了价值一百万美元的电气设备。)
12.emphasis  n. 侧重;要点
emphasize  v. 侧重,侧重
1)The report placed particular emphasis on the need to improve agriculture.
2)Much emphasis is being placed on learning those basic skills. (对基本技能的学习正在得以侧重。)
3)He emphasized the importance of being honest. (他侧重诚笃的重要性。)
4)John emphasized a point I had made previously8.
13.stress  n. 压力;重音;侧重          v. 侧重;侧重
1)Not all of us can cope with the stresses of modern life. (并非咱们每一个人都能敷衍现代生活的严重。)
2)Continued stress may result in mental illnesses. (持续的严重或许导致精力疾病。)
3)My parents put great stress on good manners. (我爸爸妈妈很侧重要有好的行为举动。)
4)The teacher said the stress should be on the second syllable9. (老师说重音在第二个音节上。)
5)He stressed the need for better education. (他侧重需求更好的教育。)
6)I ought to stress that this was only a trial balloon. (我应该侧重这仅仅个试飞方案。)
14.lack   n./ v. 缺乏,缺乏,没有
lacking  adj. 短少的
1)He abandoned his research work for lack of fund. (由于缺乏资金,他放弃了他的研究工作。)
2)There is a lock of protein in his diet.(他的饮食中蛋白质缺乏。)
3)If you lack anything, please let me know.(如果你短少什么东西,请告诉我。)
4)In any case, he doesn‘t lack for money.(总归,他并不缺钱。)
5)Money was lacking for the plan.(此项方案缺钱。)
6)He is lacking in courage.(他勇气缺乏。)
请注意区别short  of 和lack of.short 是形容词,而lack 是名词。
1)We are short of hands.(咱们短少人手。)
We lack nothing but encouragement.(咱们只短少鼓舞。)